GOLAN


GOLAN
GOLAN (Heb. גּוֹלָן), a town of the half-tribe manasseh in bashan that was set aside as a city of refuge (Deut. 4:43; Josh. 20:8) and a levitical city of the family of Gershon (Josh. 21:27; I Chron. 6:56). It is mentioned as Giluni in the el-amarna Letters. Although situated in Bashan, the city seems to have given its name to the entire district of Golan (or Gaulan) to the west of it. According to Eusebius it was a large village in Batanaea in the fourth century B.C.E. (Onom. 64:68). Schumacher has identified it with Sakhm al-Jawlān, a village 5 miles (8 km.) east of the Nahr al-ʿAllān (ʿAllān River), the eastern boundary of Gaulanitis. This identification conforms with the assumption that the city was located outside the district named for it, which ended at Nahr al-ʿAllān. D. Urman has cast doubt on the Sakhm al-Jawlān identification owing to the fact that Bronze and Iron Age remains have not yet been found there. Other scholars have proposed a more northerly location for Golan, in the region of Maacah. W.F. Albright , however, was of the opinion that the biblical city must have been situated within the region of the present-day Golan. Josephus was the first to use the name Golan not only as the name of a town but also of a region. There are several references to Golan in the Talmud; these, however, seem to refer to the district and not to the city (TJ, Meg. 3:1, 73d). For geography, archaeology, and settlement of the region see ramat ha-golan . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. Dussaud, Topographie historique de la Syrie… (1927), 335, 343f.; Albright, in: L. Ginsberg Jubilee Volume (1945), 57 (Eng. section); EM, S.V. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Urman, The Golan: A Profile of a Region During the Roman and Byzantine Periods (1985). (Michael Avi-Yonah / Shimon Gibson (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Golan — bezeichnet: kurz die Golanhöhen Golan ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Erela Golan (* 1945), israelische Politikerin Eyal Golan (* 1971), israelischer Sänger Gila Golan (* 1940), israelische Schauspielerin Itamar Golan (* 1970),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GOLAN — GOLA Région du sud ouest de la Syrie, le Golan est un pays de collines (altitude de 500 à 1 000 m) qui s’étend au sud du mont Hermon et domine de 400 à 500 mètres le fossé du Jourdain à l’ouest; il est limité au sud par les profondes gorges du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • golan — GOLÁN, Ă, golani, e, s.m. şi f. (peior.) 1. Om fără ocupaţie, care bate toată ziua drumurile fără să facă nimic util; derbedeu. 2. (Adesea adjectival) Om sărac, zdrenţăros, care nu are cu ce se îmbrăca. – Gol2 + suf. an. Trimis de gall,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Golan — Golan, Leviten u. Freistadt in Basan, zum Stamm Manasse gehörig. Nach ihr die Landschaft Gaulonitis mit der Hauptstadt Gaulane, zwischen Batanäa u. dem Jordan …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • GOLAN — i. e. transinigratio, sive revolutio, aut ex Syro et Hebraeo, intus manens, civitas in Basan. Deut. c. 4. v. 43. Ios. c. 20. v. 8 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Golan — 32°58′54″N 35°44′58″E / 32.98167, 35.74944 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Golan — This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel… …   Wikipedia

  • Golan — noun a fortified hilly area between southern Lebanon and southern Syria artillery on the Golan Heights can dominate a large area of Israel • Syn: ↑Golan Heights • Instance Hypernyms: ↑geographical area, ↑geographic area, ↑geographical region,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Golan — noun An ancient city in Syria …   Wiktionary

  • Golan —    Exile, a city of Bashan (Deut. 4:43), one of the three cities of refuge east of Jordan, about 12 miles north east of the Sea of Galilee (Josh. 20:8). There are no further notices of it in Scripture. It became the head of the province of… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary


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